All Posts By

Trendsetters at the U

Fall 2018 Uncategorized

Hello Fall

The trendsetters are so excited to share with you our outfit ideas for our favorite season! Montana has such a short lived fall season, but it is definitely the most beautiful times of the year, especially around campus. Here are some of our trendsetter’s ideas on how to compliment this season through your wardrobe.

All the trendsetters are smiling and looking at the camera, they are sitting on a fallen tree. The leaves in the back are yellow and falling.

Riley

Hello UM lovelies ! Since Fall is finally in action (My favorite time of year!) it was time to break out my favorite jumper from Free People while the leaves still match it! Free people tends to run a little large for me, so when I got this jumper I immediately had to get the straps hemmed. I was out of contact with this beaut for a couple months because it was in California, but now I have it back and cant stop wearing it!

When I think of Fall, the first color that comes to mind is dark orange. I think this color looks fabulous on just about anyone who wears it, and is so versatile with fall colors. The other colors I think of are black and white, in the spirit of Halloween. I chose this shirt from also Free People because of the ruffles and the attractive horizontal stripes. The ruffles are inconvenient when cooking or actually being a productive human haha, but when just strolling around the Zoo’s downtown, its the perfect eye-catcher. Not only would I wear this shirt with my jumper, but it also looks great tied in the front with a pair of jeans, or even under a little black dress.

Finally, the bow that tied my outfit together, was my Blundstones. AHH I am OBSESSED with these boots. ( I literally have not taken them off) They’re a perfect Missoula shoe that can we worn in the hot Summers, cool Fall days and the brutal Winters. 10/10 would recommend these boots to anyone! You can buy them at Hide and Soul downtown, just be sure to ask for the student discount! All in all, this was my favorite outfit because it made me feel like I should be picking pumpkins, making pumpkin bread for the fam, and really got me in the Fall spirit!

Riley is looking of into the sun, her hands are up in the air and her selves are flowing.

Riley is holding a strand of her hair and smiling into the sun.

Sarah

Sarah is kneeling on the fallen leaves. She is wearing a dark green floral top, a tan skirt, and leather boots.

Hey y’all! Happy fall! My name is Sara and I’m a freshman here at UM studying theatre. Fall is definitely my favorite season because it means warm drinks, comfy cute sweaters, and peaceful strolls enjoying the autumn colors and the crisp fall weather.

Fall fashion is another reason I’m in love with the season. I was so excited to find this faux suede skirt on sale at Old Navy at the beginning of the school year, and it has definitely become one of the staple pieces in my wardrobe recently. The neutral color and high waist makes it super flattering on any body type and easy to pair it with really any top. For my shirt, I’m wearing a super soft wrap shirt that I also got on sale at Rue21. To finish off the outfit, I paired it with my signature fringe boots, a handmade Montana necklace, and simple gold hoops.

My makeup is inspired by changing colors of the season. For eyeshadow, I used colors from the Jaclyn Hill Morphe palette, Too Faced Just Peachy Mattes palette, and the Huda Beauty Mauve Obsessions palette. I’m wearing my recent favorite highlighter and lip gloss: Laura Geller Baked Gelato Swirl Illuminator in Charming Pink and the Fenty Beauty Gloss Bomb in Fenty Glow.

I’m excited for the season ahead at all the tea and apple cider I’ll be drinking this fall. See you guys later!

xoxo

— Sara

Sarah is sitting on a large tree stump with her legs crossed. She is smiling and looking at the camera.

A close up of Sarah on a bridge, she is looking away and there are trees in the background.

Erin

Erin is standing on fallen leaves. She is wearing ripped light wash jeans that are belted with a white baggy sweater tucked into it. There are trees with yellow leaves in the background.

Oh my gosh guys it’s the most magical time of the year! I know that I sound so basic, but it’s true, I absolutely love Fall. And Missoula does Fall the best. The University district is so beautiful this time of year, so I actually don’t mind being on campus. And we might have not been on campus for this shoot, but we still loved it.

For this shoot, I wore my absolute favorite turtleneck sweater, I got it on sale at H&M this summer and I’m so happy that it’s finally cold enough to wear it. These pants are from American Eagle, and they are surprisingly comfortable.

I hope you all are loving this Missoula Autumn as much as we are!

Erin is sitting on the fallen leaves and looking to the side.

A close up of Erin in the shadows of the trees.

Ashley

Ashley is sitting on a stump with her legs crossed. She is wearing a flannel, leggings, and a backwards hat.

Ladies and gents, fall is HERE!! You know what that means!

For me, I tend to stray away from the stereotypical norm of sweaters, uggs, and a pumpkin spice latte. To keep myself cozy my go-to is my signature flannel. Anyone who knows me knows that I live in my flannel from the moment summer leaves until it comes back. Back in high school I actually created a little tradition, starting with my friend group, and then growing beyond called “Flannel Friday.” It’s pretty self explanatory, but me and all my friends would wear a flannel every Friday, post about it on Snapchat, and point out anyone else wearing a flannel, intentionally or unintentionally, and cheer on their style savvy. This flannel that I chose for this shoot is my absolute favorite of mine, and the one you are most likely to see me wearing. It’s comfy, fits me perfectly, and keeps me warm. I snuck it out of my high school theatre department’s costume inventory, along with every other flannel they had, so I have an extensive selection in my closet. It also has some sentimental value to me because when I got it, there was a manufacturing error that took it in at the side, but I was able to seam rip it out and sew it back together in under 2 minutes!!

One thing that I DEFINITELY give in to when it comes to the stereotypical styles of the season is leggings!! Why would anyone wear anything else? Oh my goodness, they are so comfy and cozy and they go with literally EVERYTHING; whether it be sweaters or flannels or anything in between, nothing beats a good ol’ pair of basic black leggings. I was able to snag this pair in a 2 pack at Costco for a very reasonable $12. They’re high waisted, which pairs perfectly with my favorite crop tops to show off just enough of my midriff and my scars! This crop top in particular was an “Awesome”gift from my darling friend, Elaina and it is my absolute favorite – and I own a lot of crop tops!!

One of the best things about the cooler weather and the rain coming in is being able to dust off that old pair of boots that have been hiding in your closet all summer! Time to keep our feet warm and dry, and I always make sure to keep my feet warm and cozy by wearing fluffy socks with all of my boots!! For this adorable pair of combat boots, I was able to get them from Macy’s for a STEAL!!! They were originally around $65, but they were on sale for $28 and I didn’t even realize it when I went to check out!!! It really is the little surprises in life that are truly special.

And finally, my hat! This girl right here doesn’t know how to really rock a beanie, nor does she own one, so I am quite often wearing a backwards snapback to spice up what’s going on up at the top of my head. This on in particular is a “Bullet Club” hat from Hot Topic, originally $25 but I got it 50% off! If you haven’t heard of the Bullet Club, they are a fantastic group of pro wrestlers that are taking over the world, setting records in wrestling and Hot Topic sales alike! I know pro wrestling isn’t everyone’s style, but it sure does influence mine!

And finally, the little cherry on top that you’ll most likely see me wearing in every photo shoot is my necklace. My boyfriend gave it to me on our 4th date; it is my birthstone in the shape of a heart centered in a sterling silver heart with diamond accents to complete it. It is from Macy’s as well, and it is my absolute favorite piece of jewelry I will ever own.

Ashley is sitting on the fallen leaves and leaning on a tree.

Ashley is standing on a bridge and looking into the distance.

Marlena

Marlena is standing on leaves, she is wearing a white sweater, plaid skirt, and polka dot nylons. The tree behind her is yellow and has berries.

Fall is sadly coming to a close soon (how crazy right?) and I am so happy that us Trendsetters got to do one last Fall post for you all. I had so much fun putting this outfit together for this photoshoot. Every piece is from Forever 21 except for my boots and jacket which are from Tally Weijl and TJMaxx. Fall is sometimes a bit difficult to dress for because the weather is unpredictable. I think skirts (and even dresses) are a perfect transition piece from Summer to Fall with a pair of cute tights and a sweater because it’s not too warm and not too cold and still sooo cute! Throwing a light jacket over the top for extra cold days is a perfect way to warm the outfit up even more if necessary. I also have been loving the pattern on the skirt for this season and think it would be a perfect addition to a Thanksgiving outfit (or a Fall date). I hope you all get to enjoy the last days of golden leaves and pumpkin patches before the cold begins to set in and snowflakes begin to fall. Wishing for happy days ahead for you today and every day!

Marlena in the trees shadows wearing her jacket.

Marlena smiling and walking towards the camera.

Tessa

Tessa standing in the forrest. She is wearing a black sweater, denim jeans, and tall leather boots.

Ah! Fall! I usually just let fall pass by rather than actually embracing the season. In the past, I’ve thought of fall as a horrible sign of the impending Montana winter. But, lately I’m trying to think more positively about things in my life, and fall has definitely fallen (ha, get it?) under that umbrella. This fall I’ve tried to make a point to celebrate all that fall has to offer. I’ve never been a fan of the pumpkin spice latte, but I’ve been trying all the other fall drinks that the coffee shops I frequent have to offer (side note: apple cider with caramel from FloCo is TO DIE FOR). I’ve been making a point to appreciate the colors of the leaves when I’m outside, I’m re-reading Harry Potter again, I made Halloween decorations with the kids I babysit.

But one thing I know I haven’t been appreciating enough is fall fashion. The colors! The layers! The boots! The scarves! It’s one of the best seasons for fashion.
For this shoot, I wanted to go pretty simple, but try to pay homage to fall and all it has to offer. I think two huge staples of fall fashion are denim and sweaters. So, I went with my favorite pair of high waisted Levi’s and paired them with an old favorite sweater I got at Francesca’s years ago. If you’re an avid reader of the Trendsetter’s blog, you may recognize these gray boots, considering I’ve worn them in at least 4 shoots. What can I say? They’re cute and comfy and practical in Montana year round. But, I can’t forget the real star of this look, the French Tuck. Thanks, Tan.
Hope you all have an amazing fall and enjoy all that this season has to offer!
Tessa standing in the trees shadows.

Tessa looking off to the side.

Madison

Madison standing on the grass, she is wearing a tan skirt and a white sweater. She is holding a cup of coffee and smiling.

This is one outfit I will definitely have on repeat for fall! Sweaters and skirts are my favorite combo and very practical for Missoula (freezing cold mornings & warm evenings). For this photoshoot I wanted the colorful leaves to be the star of the show by keeping things neutral!

Sweaters are obviously always on trend for fall but my other go to trend this year is wearing anything tannish orange colored. I donʼt know if itʼs to match all the fall content Iʼve seen on my Instagram lately or because it goes with just about anything. This tan skirt is from Forever 21 and it could possibly be my most worn item in my closet along with this sweater I borrowed from one my of my friends. I have worn it for 5 days straight (no joke) and donʼt plan on stopping anytime soon!

Even though I HATE the cold Iʼm excited to finally be wearing sweaters, drinking hot coffee, and eating anything pumpkin flavored. Hope you guys are excited for all the fall feed coming!

Madison holding on to a tree and smiling while playing with leaves.

Madison standing on leaves and looking over her shoulder away from the camera.

Claire

A close up of Claire smiling at the camera, she is wearing a white off the shoulder top, a teddy jacket, a paper boy hat, and a necklace with a teddy bear on it.

Fall has always been one of my favorite seasons, and this year it seems to be passing so quickly! My goal while dressing for fall is to find something unique, comfortable, and still in trend. I have to say my most “trendy” piece of clothing would be my teddy jacket I ordered off of Amazon. It’s such a simple pice to throw on that makes every outfit cozy and modern. My floral skirt is a pice I got from Zara a while back, it compliments any basic outfit while adding a pop of color. My cream colored shirt is from American Eagle, and although it’s simple the ruffles add femininity to an outfit that is overall pretty slouchy. The teddy bear necklace is from a company called Teddy Fresh and is my way of making this outfit a bit more unique. And, like any good fall outfit, I topped it off with a newsboy hat and a dark red lip. Alright, now everyone should go out and enjoy the rest of fall while it lasts. Drink those PSL’s and carve pumpkins with your family, I know I will.

xxx- Claire

Claire standing on the leaves, her skirt is black with a red floral pattern.

Claire smiling and looking away from the camera.

Photography by Sara Diggins  | @sara_digginsphoto

Fall 2018

Summer Lovin’

The trendsetters are excited to start the semester with a summer themed shoot! Today we are reminiscing about our favorite pieces of clothing we collected over the summer and fell in love with.

The trendsetters are all posing on a grassy hill. There are clouds in the sky and the sun is setting behind them.

Danh

Danh is posing on a stairway with light blue railings in the background. She is wearing a floral light pink kimono, a white ruffle top, a pair of light blue ripped jeans, and black high heel booties.

it’s always fun to dress up for summer. This summer has  become one of my favorite seasons. Vacation time, icecream and a beautiful summer sunshine with anything to wear.

I love to either go extra or simple in summer but since I love to be extra for everything,  but I went with this simple look. And with an outfit is basic, it’s hard to stand out but sometimes i like to change it up and go for a simple look if I chose to. For this shoot I’ve decided to go extra, But what’s amazing with fashion is that you really get to express your style using different styles, accessories and makeup to show off who you are.

For my outfit this shoot I am wearing a cute white top with a floral cardigan and plain jeans all from forever21 and the boot heels was from H&M.

In summer I love to switch up my style but for this one I wanted to make it classy and and wear bright colors so it brings out the color in me. But lately I’ve been obsessed with jewelry so I decided to add a cute crystal choker I’ve got from icing.

For my makeup, I went all extra I’ve did   contouring to bring out my cheekbones, a warm gold/pink  eye shadow blend to bring out my dark brown eyes and also a matte color lipstick from Sephora.

Danh on the same stairway, her hair blowing in the wind.

Danh is posing on the same stairway.

Danh on the stairway, the photo taken from a lower angle.

Ashley

Ashley is standing on a bridge wearing a white tank tank top with a large red stripe across the front and two blue stripes on the top and bottom. This is accompanied by a light wash denim skirt and a pair of white sneakers.

This summer I was absolutely “Summer lovin’” my denim skirt! I haven’t had one in my wardrobe since elementary school, and it felt like a piece of me was missing from my closet. Finding this one at TJ Maxx for $7 just made me fall in love all over again!! If you saw me at any point this summer, odds are I was at the baseball fields wearing it paired with some sort of red, white, and blue accents.

Ashley is looking of the bridge. There are trees and grass in the background.

A close up on Ashley's denim skirt.

Ashley playing with her hair and smiling at the camera.

Erin

Erin smiling at the camera, the background is a white brick wall. She is wearing a white slip top lined with lace. she has a par of dark green shorts with a belt. A light wash denim jacket is slouching off her shoulders.

It’s so good to be back! I hope you all had an amazing summer, I know mine was a blast. I’m here in Missoula year-round now, I moved into my own apartment and got to enjoy a Missoula Summer (shameless self-plug for my upcoming individual post 😉 ).

I cheated a little bit on the theme of this shoot because almost all of these items are new for me! I started working at Olive + Iron this summer, and I got bunches of cute new clothes. This lacy white tank and the snakeskin high tops are both from Olive + Iron, and I can’t stop wearing them (Bonus points if you can find out which previous Trendsetter wore this top for a shoot last year!). These shorts are from H&M, and they are the item I’m most excited about, I got them on sale for $6. You probably can’t tell, but there is a massive hole in the bottom of one of the pockets. I’ve lost my fair share of bobby pins because of this pocket, but it’s all been worth it, I’m totally in love with these shorts. I’ve always had such a hard time finding flowy shorts that actually fit me right, so I’m gonna call this a success!

-Erin

A shot of the lacy back on Erin's shirt.

Erin walking away from the camera.

A close up on Erin, her watch is the center piece of the photo.

Marlena

Marlena is on the bridge. She is facing the view of the river and trees in the background. She is wearing a black turtleneck and black denim jeans.

Hi lovely UM students, welcome back to another semester in the most beautiful state! This year, I was fortunate enough to spend my summer traveling through the west coast and Europe, where there was no shortage of shopping (trust me!!). After all of my adventures around the globe, it is so difficult to choose my favorite piece that I picked up! But I know for sure one of my favorite pieces I acquired was the gorgeous black and white jacket I am wearing, which I bought in Munich, Germany at New Yorker. Now I know it is odd to buy a jacket in summer, but Fall has always been my favorite season and I just couldn’t wait for the apple cider, pumpkin patches, and cozy days. (I always seem to be dreaming of this season…) This jacket is the perfect blend of a simple but staple piece while still looking dressed up in the colder months when all you want to do is bundle up in an oversized sweater. Staple pieces are key for my wardrobe. The black and white pattern pairs well with Fall colors like burnt orange, yellow, burgundy, brown, etc. and will compliment with beautiful Montana and all of its changing leaves and chilly days. Sending you all happy thoughts and well wishes this semester!

Marlena is facing the camera. She has a grey plaid coat on. She is smiling and playing with her hair.

Marlena wearing the coat and looking over her shoulder at the camera.

A close up on Marlena's jacket.

Raneem

Raneem is on a sidewalk smiling and looking at the camera. She is wearing a red long sleeve top and white denim jeans.

Summer is mostly everyone’s favorite season, you got the cold drinks, the 100 degrees weather, the BBQ and be on a great 3 month vacation in different areas.

My summer has been my favorite season and so far it has been great It’s been filled with camping,walkboarding, fishing but my favorite has been jet skiing. Also going to the fair with friends and light up the fireworks during the Fourth of July, and just in general it is a 3 months stress free.

During summer I would normally wear something either dresses, short, or just wear my swimsuits, but most of the time I would like to either dress up or wear something casual like my red shirt from Victoria secret and my white pants from Hollister that are ripped knees jeans. To top it all off I wore my black sperrys that you could wear on boat for the summer or just casually wear it during camping. I picked this particular favorite summer outfit because of the vibrant colors it gives during the summer and it wouldn’t keep you hot because it’s a nice flowy long sleeve shirt that way I wouldn’t sweat much.

Raneem walking away from the camera and looking back.

A close up on Raneem's jeans.A close up on Raneem.

Dina

Dina is posing in front of an orange storefront. She is wearing a white t-shirt tucked into a pair of mid-cut denim jeans. She is also carrying a crossbody tan bag.

Outfits and style can be changes over the season. In cold weather we wear sweaters, jacket and others warm clothes to make our body warm, but we also wants to keep it Look stylish.

On the other hand, when it’s come to summer time, we will we try to look as nice as we can because we have so many chance to wear cute outfits at this time. Whether we want wear skirt, tank top with short, Overalls, this time is the best ever to look classy. This summer have been spend my time in Portland and what I got to wear a lot is my overalls, shorts and simple shirt and t-shirt. Also I always bring different kind of bags, depence on what outfits I wear at that time to make it more stylish. I really love to wear short because it easy for me to move when I go around the city in Portland. As you can see in this picture, this is how I look when it’s come to summer time and this style that I picked from my Summer 2018. Oh yeah, I don’t really spend much money to buy my outfits. Most of my Outfits over the summer are from H&M, Forever 21 and Thrifted store. For this shoot, both my Shirt and Shorts I got from GoodWill Missoula. They are just so cheap and easy to wear on Summer time. For my shoes they are from Rue 21 Missoula as well. Last one is my favorite Waist Bag, I got from Ross. Isn’t it cute? anyways, I really love this style.

Dina is sitting on the sidewalk and smiling.

Dina walking away from the camera. You can see the back of her jean shorts.

Dina walking away from the camera, looking back.

Madison

Madison looking up at the camera. She is on a blue metal stairway wearing a white graphic tee and a neon yellow zip up skirt.

I don’t know about you guys but I am NOT ready for this summer to end, all my cute clothes need the warmth! I spent this summer in my hometown, Seattle, and that means my summer was filled with shopping (went pretty much every day no joke). So of course, I couldn’t just pick one favorite piece from this summer and luckily my favorite items just so happened to go together and be one of my favorite looks. That being said a graphic tee and some sort of fun pant is my go to! This graphic tee is from Zara, it says “sometimes young minds overflow” …kind of relatable? The bold colors on top of a simple tee make this shirt go with just about anything, by far my most complimented piece in my closet from this summer.

Moving on, can we talk about this skirt?! I picked up this goodie in the sale section at Urban Outfitters in San Diego. Anyone that knows me knows that yellow is my favorite color and has been a trendy color for a while now. Not only is the color amazing but I love the zipper in the front which gives it a little edge

Last but not least these shoes, I found them at buffalo exchange (my go to store in Seattle) for only $30! And they’re originally from All Saints, and for anyone that does know what that is it is pricey. Platform shoes are my favorite kind of shoe these days, they bring a little more character to a basic sneaker without going to overboard.

Well there you have it, all my favorite summer pieces in one outfit. Sad to see the sunshine go but excited for all the new Fall finds!

Madison walking up the stairs. She is looking away from the camera.

A close up on Madison's shirt and skirt.

Madison sitting on the stairs.

Teya

Teya is sitting on a picnic table. She is wearing a red crewneck sweatshirt, short denim jeans, and white sneakers.

This summer, I was obsessed with lots of 90’s inspired looks. With this in mind, my favorite item that I picked up are a perfect pair of vintage shorts. I thrifted them from Divine Trash, which is a rare win for me, since I am the worst at thrift shopping. I’d be lying if I said I didn’t wear them everyday… They went with anything, I especially loved wearing my all white Air Force 1’s with them! If you have trouble thrift shopping, I recommend going on a day that you have lots of time and patience.  Sometimes it takes a hot minute to find your thrifted treasure, but it’s always so worth it!

Teya leaning on her fist.

Teya leaning back on the picnic table.

Teya still on the picnic table.

Jamie

Jamie spinnin in the sunset. She is wearing a pair of floral shorts and a white crewneck sweater. The background is green because of the trees and the grass.

I chose these shorts because they are different from anything else I own. I was drawn to the pastel, floral pattern because it looked very vintage and beautiful. I found these in the vintage section at Betty’s Divine for like $8 and thought they would be the perfect item to add to my summer clothes.

Jamie facing the camera.

Jamie's back facing the camera.

Jamie turning back at the camera.

Claire

Claire is on the sidewalk, she is wearing a long floral cream back with a lace up back. Her shoes are a burgundy color.

In general, summer tends to be my least favorite part of the year. I’m far away from friends, the heat makes me want to die, and work is exhausting. However, this summer I was on a mission to not let this stop me on my trail to self discovery. I have been doing quite a bit of thinking in regards to eco friendly and sustainable fashion. Although most of my wardrobe is thrifted, I am on occasion a person who grabs cheap stuff here and there from large companies.

This summer I was focused on the idea of buying a couple of pieces that I LOVE instead of buying a bunch of cute pieces I will give away come next summer. While doing my research I found a website called Reformation that is an eco friendly and sustainable source of fashion. Many of the products are made out of deadstock or vintage fabrics, and although they can be pricey I like to consider pieces like this as an investment. This is where the dress I’m wearing is from.

It encompases the bright and sunny part of the year while also allowing a little splash of the 90’s in with the Gwyneth Paltrow circa red carpet cut of the dress. I can just picture myself sipping ice tea on my porch before my date with Brad Pitt while wearing this dress. I decided to pair this dress with a simple wishbone necklace my mother gave me years ago. My finishing touches were my cherry red vegan Doc Martens in the oxford style. I accompanied this with a blushy and dewy makeup look and was ready to go. The dress, by far, was my favorite piece of clothing I picked up over the summer.

Claire smiling and looking at the sidewalk.

A close up on Claire's necklace and the top of her dress.

Claire walking away from the camera and looking back.

Savanah

Savanah smiling and looking at the camera. She is wearing a floral top, a necklace, and Levi's jeans.

It’s fun to wear a cute floral dress or a skirt on a hot Summer day but quite frankly it just isn’t practical because if you’re anything like me Summer is playtime, and the last thing you want is a cute outfit excluding you from jumping on the back of a moped or fearlessly strolling downtown on a windy afternoon. That is why I always aim to incorporate practicality into my OOTD’s.

This summer I lived for anything denim. My go-to, however, were these denim high-waisted Levi’s paired with a crop-top or a bodysuit. I thrifted these Levi’s two summers back at a local second-hand store, and since have paired them in a series of combinations from dressing them up to dressing them down. I usually cuff the bottoms in order to add some dimension to the straight leg which can be quite plain at times especially if you are aiming for a dressier look. As for a top, I almost always will opt for a form fitting/flattering blouse that will contrast the looseness of the jeans. A pair of heels or flats create length and add a sense of command to the final look. I am wearing a chunky pair of brown Dansko heels, they are so comfortable and easy to walk in.

This outfit is perfect for a night when you want to look effortlessly cute and trendy, but don’t want to worry about the wind blowing your skirt up or an outfit change in the case that your night turns a little more adventurous.

Savanah facing away from the camera, she has flowers in her back pocket.

Savanah is smiling and looking away from the camera.Savanah is looking at the camera, her hands are in her pocket.

Photography by Aleksandra Wąs | @fotografed_